Buying A House With No Money Down: A How-To Guide
Scott Steinberg7-minute read
March 22, 2022
If you're considering buying a house, it's natural to wonder how much you need to save for a down payment. Saving for a down payment can be an essential part of the home buying process, but can you buy a house with no money down?
In some cases, yes, it’s possible to buy a house with no money down. Here, we’ll take a closer look at how the process of buying a house with zero down payment works, and explore whether no or low money down loans make sense for you. As you’ll quickly discover, buying a house with no money down is entirely possible.
Can You Buy A House With No Down Payment?
The short answer is absolutely − buying a house with no money down is a widely accepted real estate practice. One option for buying a home with zero down payment is to access a zero-down mortgage. These are home loans that don’t require you to save up for or provide a down payment. Another is to tap into a down payment assistance program, which can help you purchase property without having to dip into your savings. Which option makes the most sense for you and your family depends on your individual finances and household situation.
The Pros And Cons Of Buying A House With Zero Down
Of course, as with any form of property financing, there are upsides and downsides to consider.
- No need to spend time saving up for a sizable down payment
- Allows you to keep more cash in-hand upfront
- Puts homeownership within reach for more buyers
- Allows you to convert from renting to owning and to start building equity faster
- Often requires buyers to pay private mortgage insurance (PMI)
- Can come with higher interest rates and fees attached
- May cost more over the life of the loan, depending on terms and lender
- Loans may have extended eligibility requirements attached
How To Buy A Home With No Money Down
Considering a no money down home loan or down payment assistance program? You’ll want to explore the following options.
1. Research No Money Down Home Loans
Before applying for a zero-down home loan, you’ll need to make sure that you meet the minimum eligibility requirements for the program. Here are some available assistance programs.
USDA loans are backed by the United States Department of Agriculture and are most commonly utilized by low- and moderate-income home buyers in rural areas. Designed to help spur development in less commercially or industrially built up areas of the nation, USDA loans (which come with lower fees than alternate loan types) can be obtained with zero money down. Note that Rocket Mortgage® is not currently accepting USDA loan applications.
USDA loans typically:
- Require a low minimum credit score
- Come with below-market interest rates
- Have no down payment requirements
- Have cheaper mortgage insurance attached
Of course, USDA loans also come with drawbacks, including household income limits (the combined gross income in your household cannot exceed more than 115% of the median income for the county it’s in) and the guarantee fee. Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio needs to be under 45%, and your FICO® Score should be a minimum of 640 to maximize chances of qualification. In addition, to qualify for a USDA loan, the property you’re seeking to buy must be in a rural or suburban area, must be a single-family unit, and you must occupy the home as your primary residence.
VA loans come backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. You may be eligible to receive one if you’re an active-duty servicemember of the U.S. military, member of America’s National Guard, a veteran, or the qualifying spouse of a deceased veteran. Highly sought-after, VA loans allow you to pay a one-time VA funding fee of 2.3% of your loan value (or 3.6% for each subsequent VA loan) instead of mortgage insurance. Upsides of obtaining a VA no money down loan are considerable, including:
- No down payment minimum
- Low minimum credit score requirements - the VA has no minimum credit requirement, but most lenders do. Rocket Mortgage® has minimum credit requirement of 580 for VA loans
- No private mortgage insurance (PMI) needed
As for potential drawbacks of VA loans, keep in mind that the property needs to be your primary residence, and that you’ll need to pay the funding fee to obtain one. Your DTI should be no more than 41%, too. Requirements to qualify for a VA loan are often more stringent than when applying for other zero money down loan types.
2. Consider Low Money Down Loan Options
If you’re not eligible for a no down payment program, you may be able to apply for a low down payment mortgage option instead.
FHA loans are backed by the Federal Housing Administration and can be procured with as little as 3.5% of your total loan value down. They’re designed to help aid low- and moderate-income buyers in their quest to attain homeownership, making FHA loans a popular choice among first-time homebuyers. In general, FHA loans come with fewer requirements attached than USDA or VA loans. Sample characteristics of an FHA loan include:
- Low minimum credit score requirements
- Small down payment minimums
- Available to new and existing homeowners
However, as with other low and zero money down home loans, there are potential downsides to consider. For example: You’ll have to live in a property that you purchase as your primary residence, your property must meet certain livability standards, and you’ll have to move in within 60 days of closing. FHA loans also require you to pay private mortgage insurance for the life of the loan if your down payment is under 10%.
Fannie Mae HomeReady Loans
Fannie Mae offers shoppers financing options through its HomeReady program. Under the terms of the HomeReady program, you’ll be able to secure lower monthly payments, and loans with as little as 3% money down. If you choose to get a loan though Fannie Mae’s HomeReady program, you’ll enjoy upsides like low interest rates, reduced PMI, and minimal down payments. But, as with other loan types on this list, you’ll still be required to pay private mortgage insurance, save up for an initial down payment, and meet some key eligibility requirements.
Freddie Mac Home Possible
Freddie Mac’s Home Possible program, which operates similarly to Fannie Mae’s HomeReady program, comes with both upsides and downsides attached. On the bright side, applicants who elect to go with a Freddie Mac Home Possible loan may enjoy benefits such as low down payment minimums, and lower credit score and income requirements. On the flip side though, only certain property types are eligible for home loans under this program.
It’s also possible to get a conventional mortgage with a small down payment to finance the purchase of your home. Many lenders will extend a 15-year or 30-year home mortgage on flexible terms, depending on your ability to meet minimum credit score, income, and DTI ratio requirements. Be sure to shop around and compare rates and offers from various financial providers including banks, credit unions and online mortgage firms, as terms will vary by lender. Leveraging a conventional loan in this fashion can help you become a homeowner more rapidly, without having to save up as much up-front.
Keep in mind that you will have to pay PMI if you make a down payment of less than 20% of the purchase price of your home. And, it may also cost you more over the life of the loan, and come with higher interest rates and fees attached, so be certain to crunch the numbers when comparing low or zero down payment mortgage options upfront.
3. Save Up For A Down Payment
Keep in mind that you may need to save up for a down payment if you’re not approved for a no down payment loan. Of course, if you’re a low- or moderate-level income earner, you may also be able to combine a low down payment loan with a state or federal assistance program to be able to purchase a new home with a smaller down payment. If you are unable to save for a down payment, there are other ways to cost-effectively finance the purchase of a property as well. For instance, you can even use inheritances and financial gifts to buy a house if needed.
4. Ask The Seller To Help Play Closing Costs
If cash is a concern, you might also consider asking for seller concessions − expenses that the seller will take off your hands or money given back at closing. During the closing process, you can use these concessions as a way to help reduce your closing costs and even chip away at the total amount that you’ll need to purchase the home. Seller concessions are typically awarded through smart negotiation − don’t be afraid to ask for them if you feel you’ve got some leverage in a real estate deal. This tactic may not work if you’re in a seller’s market, though, so be sure to consult your real estate agent to decide the best strategy for you.
The Bottom Line
Many prospective real estate buyers and homeowners can qualify to buy a house with little to no money down. Of course, buying a home with no down payment can come with some drawbacks attached − typically in the form of private mortgage insurance, higher interest rates, fees, and lifetime loan expenses. Be sure to weigh your options and work with a lender to find the best solution for you.
If you’re considering applying for a no money down mortgage, start by calculating home much home that you can afford. Armed with this information, you’ll be much better equipped to begin the application process.
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